Corruption has reached all sectors of society. Corruption exists in political parties, elections, public and private administration; academia, health care, commercial, financial, environmental, sports; companies, the media, NGOs or religious organizations. In addition, corruption linked to tenders, eminently public works, associated with political forms such as political patronage.
Corruption has become a major social scourge that invades the public and private sphere, in both rich and poor societies. In the political arena, the corruption undermines democracy; in the economic field, it produces an increase in the costs of goods and services; in the judicial, it undermines the rule of law; and in the social, it destroys ethical values such as solidarity and justice.
Acts of corruption appear in people’s behavior when there are no ethical strongholds in the minds to prevent them.
Cities and territories of peace must favour participation in order to exercise citizenship rights, promoting the meaningful participation of citizens and social organizations in the decision-making, planning and monitoring processes of policies at the local level, strengthening municipal governance and transparency.